pre-operative instructions

PReparing for intravenous anesthesia

NPO (nil per os) Instructions meaning “nothing by mouth”, which is a precautionary measure before anesthesia to reduce the risk of aspiration (inhaling stomach contents) for 8 hours prior to your scheduled visit. The following instructions are to be followed to ensure that the patient’s stomach is empty before the procedure:

1. Do not eat or drink anything, including water, for at least 8 hours before the scheduled surgery time. This includes chewing gum, candy, and throat lozenges

2. Take your medications with a small sip of water more than 1 hour prior to your surgery. This will allow for enough time for the medicine to pass through your stomach and take its effect.

3. Avoid alcohol and tobacco 24 hours before surgery. 

4. Wear loose-fitting clothing that allows access to the arms. Please wear low-heeled shoes.

5. Nasal piercings must be removed to accommodate our oxygen delivery system.

6. Your safe ride home must be present at the time of check-in and remain in the office for the duration of your procedure. Ride-share services are not an accepted method of safe transport.

7. If you are suffering from a new cold or cough, please call our office to inform our team.

8. We recommend you pick-up your prescriptions and purchase soft foods prior to surgery to allow you to focus on your recovery after surgery.

9. The patient should not drive a vehicle or operate any machinery for 24 hours following anesthesia.

10. If you take routine oral medications, please check with Dr. McMahon or Dr. Tiernan prior to your surgical date for instructions.

It’s important to follow these instructions carefully to promote a safe and successful surgery. If compliance is not met, your surgery will be rescheduled as non-compliance significantly increases the risk of an otherwise safe procedure.